Job vacancy

140,900 job vacancies in the third quarter 2019

Work & training
140,900 job vacancies in the third quarter 2019

Job vacancy figures in Belgium in the third quarter 2019

In the third quarter of 2019, Belgian enterprises offered 140,900 job vacancies compared to 139,000 in the second quarter of 2019.

This is what emerged from the new figures of Statbel, the Belgian statistical office. The job vacancy rate – the number of job vacancies compared to the total number of jobs in the enterprise – has also slightly increased from 3.41 % to 3.44 %.

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There was an increase in the three regions, Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia, with respectively +288, +259 and +1,433 job vacancies more compared to the second quarter of 2019. The job vacancy rate is higher in Flanders (3.8 %) and in Brussels (3.1 %) than in Wallonia (2.7 %).

Most of the job vacancies were offered by large and medium-sized enterprises (79.5 % of the total). The job vacancy rate for these enterprises stands at 3.2 %. This figure is substantially lower than the job vacancy rate of 5.3 % in enterprises with less than 10 employees.

More than three quarters of the job vacancies (76.6 %) can be found in five economic sectors:

  1. Non-profit (23.9 % of the total): 33,600 job vacancies
  2. Scientific activities and administrative services (16.5 %): 23,200 job vacancies
  3. Wholesale and retail trade (13.7 %): 19,300 job vacancies
  4. Industry (12.8 %): 18,100 job vacancies
  5. Construction (9.8 %): 13,800 job vacancies

The following economic sectors have registered the highest job vacancy rate:

  1. Professional, scientific and technical activities: 6.62 %
  2. Information and communication (ICT): 6.36 %
  3. Construction: 5.89 %
  4. Accommodation and food service activities: 5.22 %
  5. Arts, entertainment and recreation: 4.49 %
  6. Real estate activities: 4.03 %
  7. Wholesale and retail trade: 3.53 %

The decreases of the job vacancy rate (third versus second quarter 2019) were the sharpest in the following sectors: information and communication (-0.61 percentage point), scientific activities and administrative services (-0.46 percentage point), accommodation and food service activities (-0.38 percentage point), industry (-0.12 percentage point) and construction (-0.08 percentage point). The job vacancy rate has increased in the following sectors: real estate activities (+1.61 percentage point), other service activities (+0.68 percentage point), wholesale and retail trade (+0.34 percentage point), financial and insurance activities (+0.32 percentage point) and the non-profit sector (+0.14 percentage point).

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Jobs
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Job vacancy rate, number and distribution of job vacancies according to job types and enterprise types in the 3rd quarter 2019

Jobs In the 3rd quarter 2019 Evolution compared to the 2nd quarter 2019 Evolution compared to the T3-2018
Number of job vacancies (x1,000) Distribution of job vacancies Job vacancy rate Number of job vacancies Job vacancy rate Number of job vacancies Job vacancy rate
Fixed positions 120 85.0% 3.0% 1.4% 0.0% -5.7% -0.2%
Temporary positions 21 15.0% 15.4% 1.5% 0.6% -4.3% -1.0%
Enterprise (<10 employees) 29 20.5% 5.3% 14.8% 0.4% -9.3% -0.4%
Enterprise (>10 employees) 112 79.5% 3.2% -1.5% 0.0% -4.5% -0.2%
Belgium 141 100,0% 3.4% 1.4% 0.0% -5.5% -0.2%
Economic sectors (NACE)
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Number and proportion of job vacancies according to the economic sector and the regions in the 3rd quarter 2019

Economic sectors (NACE) Number of job vacancies in the 3rd quarter 2019 (x1.000) Proportion of job vacancies in the 3rd quarter 2019
Belgium Belgium % Brussels-Capital Region Flemish Region Walloon Region Belgium Brussels-Capital Region Flemish Region Walloon Region
Industry (B-E) 18.1 12,8% 0.7 14.0 3.4 100% 4.0% 77.4% 18.6%
Construction (F) 13.8 9,8% 0.3 11.8 1.7 100% 2.1% 85.3% 12.6%
Wholesale and retail trade (G) 19.3 13,7% 2.0 13.9 3.4 100% 10.5% 71.8% 17.7%
Transportation (H) 9.1 6,5% 1.1 6.6 1.4 100% 12.2% 72.0% 15.8%
Accommodation and food service activities (I) 7.6 5,4% 1.1 5.6 0.9 100% 14.4% 74.0% 11.5%
Information and communication (J) 7.7 5,5% 1.5 5.2 1.0 100% 19.9% 67.6% 12.5%
Financial and insurance activities (K) 3.4 2,4% 1.3 1.4 0.7 100% 38.1% 40.3% 21.5%
Real estate activities (L) 1.0 0,7% 0.2 0.6 0.3 100% 19.4% 55.2% 25.4%
Sciences and services (M-N) 23.2 16,5% 3.4 16.2 3.6 100% 14.7% 70.0% 15.4%
Non-profit (O-Q) 33.6 23,9% 5.5 17.6 10.5 100% 16.5% 52.4% 31.1%
Other services (R-S) 4.1 2,9% 0.9 2.1 1.1 100% 22.9% 50.2% 26.9%
Total (B-S) 140.9 100,0% 18.2 94.9 27.9 100% 12.9% 67.3% 19.8%

Quarterly job vacancy survey (JVS)

Purpose and short description

The quarterly job vacancy survey meets the statistical needs of the European Commission as defined in the  Regulation (EC) nº 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008, the Commission Regulation (EC) nº 1062/2008  of 28 October 2008 and the  Commission Regulation (EC) nº 19/2009  of 13 January 2009. Job vacancy statistics provide information on unmet labour demand. Information on job vacancies is used for business cycle analysis and assessing mismatches on the labour market. This quarterly survey is based on a sample of enterprises with at least one employee. Data are collected according to the economic sector and location of the enterprise, as well as the enterprise size class.

Survey population

The survey population consists of enterprises with at least one employee. Activities of households, self-employed and extraterritorial organisations and bodies (such as embassies, consulates, European institutions, WCO, NATO, etc.) are not included.

Since 2014, all enterprises from sections B to S from the NACE rev 2 are analysed.

Main definitions

A job vacancy is defined as a paid post that is newly created, unoccupied, or about to become vacant, for which the employer is taking active steps and is prepared to take further steps to find a suitable candidate from outside the enterprise concerned; and which the employer intends to fill either immediately or within a specific period of time. A vacant post that is only open to internal candidates is not considered as a "job vacancy".

An "occupied post" is a paid post within the organisation to which an employee has been assigned.

The job vacancy rate (JVR) measures the proportion of total posts that are vacant, according to the definition of job vacancy above, expressed as a percentage as follows: Berekenin%20engels.png

Data collection method and sample size

The sampling method uses the principle of a rotational panel selected according to the size and economic sector of the employer enterprises, on the basis of their individual quarterly declarations on occupied posts to the National Social Security Office (NSSO). Selected enterprises are surveyed every quarter of the year. After a year, a third of the enterprises from the strata with a drawing probability lower than one third are renewed. Enterprises from the other strata remain in the panel every year. The panel design was retained as it takes into account any evolution in the business world while ensuring consistency across quarters.

Questionaires are sent to enterprises in XBRL format after they have been informed of their selection by mail. The survey form asks the enterprises to provide the number of fixed and temporary occupied posts and job vacancies, in the three regions. The reference date is the date in the middle of the quarter (15 February for the first quarter, 15 May for the second quarter, 16 August for the third quarter and 16 November for the fourth quarter).

The average number of enterprises surveyed each quarter was 10,383 in 2012, 11,561 in 2013, 10,976 in 2014, 10,978 in 2015, 11,270 in 2016, 11,070 in 2017, 10,193 in 2018 and 10,241 in 2019.

Response rate

The average response rate was 72 % in 2012, 67.5 % in 2013, 67 % in 2014, 65.8 % in 2015, 59.1 % in 2016, 64.5 % in 2017 and 60.8 % in 2018.

Periodicity

The job vacancy survey is organised every quarter.

Release calendar

Results are published 70 days after the reference period.