Slight decrease in the number of job vacancies in Belgium in the 4th quarter 2019
In the fourth quarter of 2019, Belgian enterprises offered 139,420 job vacancies compared to 140,950 in the third quarter of 2019. The job vacancy rate – the number of job vacancies compared to the total number of jobs in the enterprise – has slightly decreased from 3.44 % to 3.39 %.
Flanders saw its number of job vacancies increase by 778, while Brussels and Wallonia registered a decline, with respectively -1,236 and -1,070 fewer job vacancies compared to the third quarter of 2019.
With 69 % of all Belgian job vacancies, Flanders remains the region with the most job vacancies in the country, followed by Wallonia with 19 % and Brussels with 12 %.
The job vacancy rate is logically higher in Flanders (3.85 %) and in Brussels (2.90 %) than in Wallonia (2.56 %).
Type of enterprises and type of jobs
Large and medium-sized enterprises offer 3.57 times more job vacancies than small enterprises. However, the job vacancy rate remains higher in small enterprises (5.39 %) than in large enterprises (3.07 %).
Although more permanent job vacancies are offered (84 %), the job vacancy rate is significantly higher for temporary positions (17 %) than for permanent positions (3 %).
Breakdown by activity sectors (NACE)
More than three quarters of the job vacancies (76.2 %) can be found in five economic sectors: the non-profit sector, the sector of scientific activities and administrative services, of industry, of trade and of construction.
The job vacancy rate mainly decreases in the following sectors: other service activities (-0.50 percentage point) and information and communication (-0.46 percentage point), while it mainly increases in the sectors of accommodation and food service activities (+0.93 percentage point) and of scientific activities and administrative services (+0.61 percentage point).
Job vacancy rate, number and distribution of job vacancies according to job types and enterprise types in the 4th quarter 2019
|Jobs||In the 4th quarter 2019||Evolution compared to the 3rd quarter 2019||Evolution compared to the T4-2018|
|Number of job vacancies (x1,000)||Distribution of job vacancies||Job vacancy rate||Number of job vacancies||Job vacancy rate||Number of job vacancies||Job vacancy rate|
|Enterprise (<10 employees)||31||21.9%||5.4%||5.8%||0.1%||5.3%||0.2%|
|Enterprise (>10 employees)||109||78.1%||3.1%||-2.8%||-0.1%||-3.4%||-0.1%|
Number and proportion of job vacancies according to the economic sector and the regions in the 4th quarter 2019
|Economic sectors (NACE)||Number of job vacancies in the 4th quarter 2019 (x1.000)||Proportion of job vacancies in the 4th quarter 2019|
|Belgium||Belgium %||Brussels-Capital Region||Flemish Region||Walloon Region||Belgium||Brussels-Capital Region||Flemish Region||Walloon Region|
|Wholesale and retail trade (G)||17.8||12,8%||1.6||13.1||3.2||100%||9.0%||73.2%||17.8%|
|Accommodation and food service activities (I)||8.7||6,2%||1.0||7.1||0.6||100%||10.9%||82.1%||7.0%|
|Information and communication (J)||7.2||5,1%||1.5||4.8||0.8||100%||21.5%||67.3%||11.2%|
|Financial and insurance activities (K)||3.5||2,5%||1.3||1.6||0.6||100%||36.7%||46.6%||16.7%|
|Real estate activities (L)||1.1||0,8%||0.2||0.6||0.3||100%||14.5%||58.0%||27.5%|
|Sciences and services (M-N)||27.5||19,7%||3.7||19.2||4.5||100%||13.5%||70.0%||16.5%|
|Other services (R-S)||3.5||2,5%||0.8||1.6||1.1||100%||23.9%||44.7%||31.4%|
Quarterly job vacancy survey (JVS)
Purpose and short description
The quarterly job vacancy survey meets the statistical needs of the European Commission as defined in the Regulation (EC) nº 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008, the Commission Regulation (EC) nº 1062/2008 of 28 October 2008 and the Commission Regulation (EC) nº 19/2009 of 13 January 2009. Job vacancy statistics provide information on unmet labour demand. Information on job vacancies is used for business cycle analysis and assessing mismatches on the labour market. This quarterly survey is based on a sample of enterprises with at least one employee. Data are collected according to the economic sector and location of the enterprise, as well as the enterprise size class.
The survey population consists of enterprises with at least one employee. Activities of households, self-employed and extraterritorial organisations and bodies (such as embassies, consulates, European institutions, WCO, NATO, etc.) are not included.
Since 2014, all enterprises from sections B to S from the NACE rev 2 are analysed.
A job vacancy is defined as a paid post that is newly created, unoccupied, or about to become vacant, for which the employer is taking active steps and is prepared to take further steps to find a suitable candidate from outside the enterprise concerned; and which the employer intends to fill either immediately or within a specific period of time. A vacant post that is only open to internal candidates is not considered as a "job vacancy".
An "occupied post" is a paid post within the organisation to which an employee has been assigned.
The job vacancy rate (JVR) measures the proportion of total posts that are vacant, according to the definition of job vacancy above, expressed as a percentage as follows:
Data collection method and sample size
The sampling method uses the principle of a rotational panel selected according to the size and economic sector of the employer enterprises, on the basis of their individual quarterly declarations on occupied posts to the National Social Security Office (NSSO). Selected enterprises are surveyed every quarter of the year. After a year, a third of the enterprises from the strata with a drawing probability lower than one third are renewed. Enterprises from the other strata remain in the panel every year. The panel design was retained as it takes into account any evolution in the business world while ensuring consistency across quarters.
Questionaires are sent to enterprises in XBRL format after they have been informed of their selection by mail. The survey form asks the enterprises to provide the number of fixed and temporary occupied posts and job vacancies, in the three regions. The reference date is the date in the middle of the quarter (15 February for the first quarter, 15 May for the second quarter, 16 August for the third quarter and 16 November for the fourth quarter).
The average number of enterprises surveyed each quarter was 10,383 in 2012, 11,561 in 2013, 10,976 in 2014, 10,978 in 2015, 11,270 in 2016, 11,070 in 2017, 10,193 in 2018 and 10,241 in 2019.
The average response rate was 72 % in 2012, 67.5 % in 2013, 67 % in 2014, 65.8 % in 2015, 59.1 % in 2016, 64.5 % in 2017 and 60.8 % in 2018.
The job vacancy survey is organised every quarter.
Results are published 70 days after the reference period.