Road accidents 

Slightly less fatalities on Belgian roads in 2018

Slightly less fatalities on Belgian roads in 2018

Road accidents 2018

There were 38,455 road accidents in 2018, bringing the total of casualties to 49,354, including 45,114 slightly injured, 3,636 seriously injured and 604 persons who died within 30 days of the accident. This is what emerged from the latest figures on road accidents published by Statbel, the Belgian

Compared to 2017, this is a slight increase in the number of accidents (+1.1%) and in the number of slightly injured (+0,9%) and a more marked decrease in the number of seriously injured (-3,3%).

The number of persons who died within 30 days of the accident has decreased by 0.8%.



Belgium 2017* 2018 2017/2018
Number of accidents 38.025 38.455 +1,1%
Number of casualties 49.081 49.354 +0,6%
Number of deaths 30 days 609 604 -0,8%
Number of serious casualties 3.762 3.636 -3,3%
Number of light casualties 44.710 45.114 +0,9%
* Revised values

Number of accidents and casualties per region and per province

The tables below show the evolution of the number of accidents and casualties per region.

The number of accidents slightly decreases in Wallonia (+0,3%) and in Brussels (+0,3%) but increases in Flanders (+2%).

In terms of casualties, the Brussels-Capital Region and  Wallonia register a decrease of respectively 1.5% and 0.6%. The Flemish Region saw an increase of 1.4%.

The number of persons who died within 30 days of the accident has decreased by 12.5% in the Brussels-Capital Region and by 4.5% in Wallonia. In the Flemish Region, this indicator has increased by 3.7%, from 299 persons who died within 30 days in 2017 to 310 in 2018.

As regards the seriously injured, we observe a decrease of 8.8% in the Brussels Region, of 4.2% in Wallonia and of 2.6% in Flanders. As regards the slightly injured, Brussels and Wallonia have registered a decrease of 1.1% and 0.2% respectively, while this figure increases in Flanders (+1.8%).


Brussels-Capital Region 2017* 2018 2017/2018
Number of accidents 3.846 3.833 -0,3%
Number of casualties 4.602 4.532 -1,5%
Number of persons who died within 30 days 24 21 -12,5%
Number of seriously injured 194 177 -8,8%
Number of slightly injured 4.384 4.334 -1,1%
* Revised values
Flemish Region 2017* 2018 2017/2018
Number of accidents 23.239 23.714 +2,0%
Number of casualties 29.782 30.208 +1,4%
Number of persons who died within 30 days 299 310 +3,7%
Number of seriously injured 2.594 2.526 -2,6%
Number of slightly injured 26.889 27.372 +1,8%
* Revised values
Walloon Region 2017* 2018 2017/2018
Number of accidents 10.940 10.908 -0,3%
Number of casualties 14.697 14.614 -0,6%
Number of persons who died within 30 days 286 273 -4,5%
Number of seriously injured 974 933 -4,2%
Number of slightly injured 13.437 13.408 -0,2%
* Revised values

In 2018, the provinces with the largest number of persons who died within 30 days were Hainaut (91), West Flanders (82), Liège (76) and East Flanders (71). On the other hand, the provinces of Walloon Brabant (18), Luxembourg (35) and Flemish Brabant (35) have the lowest numbers of persons who died within 30 days.


More positive evolution among young people

In 2018, 106 young people aged between 20 and 29 died on our roads. They are the most affected age group as they represent 17.5% of the fatalities. In the long run, however, there has been a significant improvement. 264 young people in their twenties were killed in road accidents in 2005. They made up 23.3% of the people killed. Each year, the figures of the youngest age groups improve more strongly than the others In particular, the number of young people aged between 20 and 29 killed was reduced by a factor of four between 2005 and 2018 and the number of casualties under the age of five has fallen from 19 to 3.



At the same time, the number of deaths among the oldest falls more slowly and/or even increases for those aged 80 and over.

  2005 2010 2015 2018 2018/2005
from 0 to 9 years old 25 20 12 8 -68,0%
       from 0 to 4 years old 19 13 9 3 -84,2%
from 10 to 19 years old 101 64 43 26 -74,3%
from 20 to 29 years old 264 225 159 106 -59,8%
from 30 to 39 years old 197 151 107 90 -54,3%
from 40 to 49 years old 169 106 92 74 -56,2%
from 50 to 59 years old 116 92 106 85 -26,7%
from 60 to 69 years old 87 65 86 76 -12,6%
from 70 to 79 years old 90 71 70 64 -28,9%
80 and over 58 50 80 66 +13,8%


Purpose and short description

Statbel has been compiling statistics on road accidents since 1 July 1926. These statistics are based on a form that must be completed by the police services in the event of any accident on the road claiming casualties. Over time, this form has been adapted several times according to the evolution of society and road phenomena.

Survey population

Road traffic accidents with personal injury in Belgium which resulted in a police report.

Data collection method and sample size

Administrative data : on-site police records and investigation by prosecutors.



Release calendar

Availability of results: 6 months after the reference period.


Accident: an accident between two or more road users is considered as one accident. Only accidents on public roads and claiming casualties are included in these statistics. Are therefore excluded: collisions and accidents on private property or at sports events. Accidents with material damage only are no longer included since 1973.

Death 30 days: any person who died on the scene or within 30 days after the accident.

Serious casualty: any person injured in a road accident whose condition requires hospitalisation of more than 24 hours.

Light casualty: any person injured in a road accident who is not classified under fatal or serious casualty.

Car: passenger cars; twin-purpose cars; minibuses; camping vehicles.

Van: van

Truck: truck, tractor + semi-trailers; tractor alone.

Bus: bus; coach.

Moped: moped A (two wheels), moped B (two wheels), moped with 3 or 4 wheels.

Motorcycle: motorcycle not exceeding 400 cc, motorcycle exceeding 400 cc.

Bicyle: bicycle

Pedestrian:disabled person in a wheelchair; pedestrian with a two-wheeled vehicle; other pedestrian.

Other: agricultural tractor; trolleybus; rider; carriage; other user; unknown, unavailable.


Quality of the figures: Death data are the most reliable and stable data. Indeed, it is more than likely that a fatal accident will be the subject of police or prosecutorial intervention. Data on light casualties are most likely underestimated, especially for vulnerable road users (pedestrians and cyclists). Belgian and international studies estimate the police registration rate at 90% for fatal accidents (data from prosecutors, however, allow us to improve these results). It is around 50% for casualties requiring hospitalisation and less than 20% for very light casualties (not requiring hospitalisation).

Data from 2005 to 2017 have been revised by police services. Statbel updated its road accident data in June 2018. There is a large number of unknown data for some important variables (municipality, road conditions, and weather conditions, among others) between 2005 and 2017. It is less a problem for the most recent years. The most recent release always prevails.