Life expectancy and life tables

New slight improvement in life expectancy of the Belgian population in 2018

Population
New slight improvement in life expectancy of the Belgian population in 2018

In 2018, life expectancy at birth in Belgium was 81.5 years for the whole population, or 83.7 years for women and 79.2 years for men, according to the new data published by Statbel, the Belgian statistical office. The rise in life expectancy at birth compared to 2017 for the whole population amounts to 0.1 year.

There are several clear regional disparities:

  • Life expectancy at birth is still higher in Flanders (82.3 years) than in Brussels (81.5 years) and in Wallonia (79.9 years).
  • The largest increase is registered in Brussels-Capital, with a rise of 132 days (+0.36 year); in Flanders, the gain is 42 days (+0.12 year) and in Wallonia, it is limited to 15 days (+0.04 year).
  • General mortality increased very slightly in 2018, with a crude mortality rate which remains at 9.7 per mille, but increases for women to 9.8 per mille (9.7 in 2017).

The new life tables published by Statbel show for 2018 a limited improvement in life expectancy at birth. This increase is the same as that registered in 2017.

Belgium, Evolution of life expectancy at birth, according to the sex, 1885-2018

Life_expect_en_2018

At national level, the annual table shows that men are once again experiencing an increase in life expectancy at birth (75 days, +0.20 year). That of women is no longer in decline (13 days; +0.04 year). Once again, the gap between women and men is reduced and now stands at 4.5 years. As a reminder, in 1998, the gap in life expectancy at birth between women and men was 6.3 years. In the three-year table 2016-2018, the increases for both sexes are more similar: +0.21 year for men and +0.18 year for women. In this way, they are in line with the average of the improvements observed in the 1996-1998 table: +0.24 year for men, +0.16 year for women and +0.20 year for both sexes combined.

At regional level, the increase registered in Brussels-Capital is very high (132 days, +0.36 year), especially for men (229 days, +0.63 year). In Flanders, the rise is equivalent to the national average (43 days, +0.12 year), with a more favourable situation for men than for women. In Wallonia, the increase is very limited (15 days, +0.04 year), with even a slight decrease in life expectancy at birth for women (-18 days, -0.05 year). As at the national level, the gap in life expectancy between women and men is reduced in each of the three regions. And it should be noted that it is where life expectancy at birth is the highest that this gap is the lowest: 4.1 years in Flanders, against 4.6 years in Brussels-Capital and 5.2 years in Wallonia.

The three-year tables 2016-2018 are detailed down to the provincial level. The best health situation is still observed in Flemish Brabant (82.7 years), followed by Limburg (82.6 years). Walloon Brabant (82.2 years), with an increase above average in 2018, is now ahead of the provinces West Flanders (82.2 years) and Antwerp (82.1 years). The provinces of Luxembourg (80.1 years), Liège (79.9 years), Namur (79.6 years) and Hainaut (79.0 years) are well below the national average (81.4 years). Finally, it should be noted that in 5 of the 10 provinces, life expectancy at birth now exceeds 82 years.

Evolution BE
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Belgium
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Evolution of life expectancy at birth in years, Belgium (1996-2018)

Year 1996 2000 2005 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 0
Total 77.23 77.79 79.05 80.05 80.47 81.07 80.90 81.26 81.36 0,00
Men 73.86 74.58 76.14 77.36 77.94 78.56 78.55 78.78 78.99 0,00
Women 80.53 80.92 81.86 82.64 82.93 83.50 83.16 83.68 83.66 0,00
Difference between men's and women's life expectancy at birth +6.67 +6.34 +5.72 +5.28 +4.99 +4.94 +4.61 +4.90 +4.67 +0,00

According to the annual life tables; age in completed years Calculations based on the National Register figures.
Brussels-Capital Region
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Evolution of life expectancy at birth in years, Brussels-Capital Region (1996-2018)

Year 1996 2000 2005 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 0
Total 77.46 77.94 79.04 79.97 80.42 80.92 80.86 81.20 81.17 0,00
Men 73.96 74.62 75.99 76.92 77.76 78.13 78.11 78.34 78.46 0,00
Women 80.54 80.89 81.76 82.73 82.79 83.42 83.36 83.81 83.61 0,00
Difference between men's and women's life expectancy at birth +6.58 +6.27 +5.77 +5.81 +5.03 +5.29 +5.25 +5.47 +5.15 +0,00

According to the annual life tables; age in completed years Calculations based on the National Register figures.
Flemish Region
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Evolution of life expectancy at birth in years, Flemish Region (1996-2018)

Year 1996 2000 2005 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 0
Total 77.92 78.49 79.88 80.89 81.30 81.97 81.79 82.18 82.23 0,00
Men 74.75 75.51 77.22 78.45 78.92 79.61 79.61 79.89 80.07 0,00
Women 81.06 81.43 82.46 83.27 83.62 84.26 83.93 84.43 84.34 0,00
Difference between men's and women's life expectancy at birth +6.31 +5.92 +5.24 +4.82 +4.70 +4.65 +4.32 +4.54 +4.27 +0,00

According to the annual life tables; age in completed years Calculations based on the National Register figures.
Walloon Region
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Evolution of life expectancy at birth in years, Walloon Region (1996-2018)

Year 1996 2000 2005 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 0
Total 75.93 76.50 77.57 78.52 78.97 79.48 79.26 79.60 79.83 0,00
Men 72.23 72.91 74.23 75.45 76.14 76.69 76.71 76.82 77.10 0,00
Women 79.58 80.03 80.82 81.48 81.71 82.18 81.70 82.30 82.46 0,00
Difference between men's and women's life expectancy at birth +7.35 +7.12 +6.59 +6.03 +5.57 +5.49 +4.99 +5.48 +5.36 +0,00

According to the annual life tables; age in completed years Calculations based on the National Register figures.