Farm and horticultural holdings

Provisional harvest estimate 2022

Agriculture & fishery
Provisional harvest estimate 2022

Good yields for grains, poor yields for potatoes and maize

Grain yields in 2022 were better than in 2021. 2021 was a disastrous year due to the persistent rain in the summer. The growing season for grains, as well as its harvest, has been very good due to optimal growing conditions in 2022. Winter cereal yields were much higher than normal (+19% for winter wheat and +8% for winter barley). As more winter barley was sown, production actually increased by +25% in 2022. The yield increase in spring cereals was less pronounced than that of winter cereals but, because much more spring cereals were sown due to favourable grain prices, production increased by +78% for spring barley and +108% for spring wheat.

For maize, in turn, it was too dry and there is a yield decrease of -21% for grain maize and -14% for green maize. Due to the decrease in area of forage maize, production even fell by -17%. Grain maize production ended up at +5% as here too, due to high grain prices, 33% more grain maize was sown.

The summer was also too dry for potatoes and they recorded lower yields of -11%. The production decrease is slightly smaller than the yield decrease (-9%) because slightly more potatoes were planted.

Sugar beets need less water than maize and potatoes and have been able to benefit from dry weather conditions. For now, yields rise +8% and production rises +5%, but not all beets have been lifted yet.

Due to the favourable price-making process, 5.41% more rapeseed was sown in 2022. This combined with favourable yields led to a production increase of +13%.

Agricultural figures
Content

Agricultural data for 2022

Agricultural data for 2021

Agricultural data for 2020

Agricultural data for 2019

Agricultural data for 2018

Survey on certain species of fruit trees 2017

Agricultural data for 2017

Agricultural data for 2016

Agricultural data for 2015

Remarks:

The number of holdings in Belgium that produce for sales has increased by 0.7 %. This is due to more flexibility on the definition of active farmers in 2018, on the one hand, and to a further refinement of Statbel's agricultural register, on the other hand. This results in an increase of the agricultural area and in the number of bovine animals and pigs.

The large increase of the surface area for mixes of leguminous plants in Wallonia is due to the distinction made as of 2018 between mixes of cereals and leguminous plants, on the one hand (classified under other cereals) and mixes of leguminous plants and cereals, on the other hand (classified under mixes of leguminous plants). Until 2017, this division did not exist. The whole surface area was classified under other cereals. This also results in a decrease of the surface area for other cereals in Wallonia.

In 2018, there was a break in the trend for poultry. We can see a large increase. This is because until 2017, holdings did not have to report any poultry when farming was suspended for health reasons. They had to report the number of animals present on 15 October. If the poultry house was empty on that day, they had no animals. From 2018 onwards, holdings with empty poultry houses for health reasons (cleaning or disease outbreak) have to report the number of animals that were present before farming was suspended.

More figures...

 

Remarks:

The number of holdings in Belgium that produce for sales has increased by 0.7 %. This is due to more flexibility on the definition of active farmers in 2018, on the one hand, and to a further refinement of Statbel's agricultural register, on the other hand. This results in an increase of the agricultural area and in the number of bovine animals and pigs.

The large increase of the surface area for mixes of leguminous plants in Wallonia is due to the distinction made as of 2018 between mixes of cereals and leguminous plants, on the one hand (classified under other cereals) and mixes of leguminous plants and cereals, on the other hand (classified under mixes of leguminous plants). Until 2017, this division did not exist. The whole surface area was classified under other cereals. This also results in a decrease of the surface area for other cereals in Wallonia.

In 2018, there was a break in the trend for poultry. We can see a large increase. This is because until 2017, holdings did not have to report any poultry when farming was suspended for health reasons. They had to report the number of animals present on 15 October. If the poultry house was empty on that day, they had no animals. From 2018 onwards, holdings with empty poultry houses for health reasons (cleaning or disease outbreak) have to report the number of animals that were present before farming was suspended.