Farm and horticultural holdings

Provisional harvest estimate 2021

Agriculture & fishery
Provisional harvest estimate 2021

Due to the rain showers in the summer, the provisional estimate of the agricultural crop production in 2021 mainly shows a yield decrease for winter wheat (-12.5%), spelt (-10.8%) and triticale (-20.7%). Due to the 6.2% increase in surface area for winter wheat in 2021, the production decrease was limited to -7.1% or -114,623 tonnes. There was even a production increase for spelt of +9.1% due to the strong area expansion (+22.4%).

The production decreases of spring cereals (spring wheat and spring barley) are due to the reduction in surface areas in 2021.

The production of grain maize has remained almost unchanged compared to 2020. This is because the decrease in area was offset by the increase in yield (+6.9%).

In contrast, green maize had good results. Its production rose by 14% due to the increase in yield (+13%).

The production of sugar beet fell slightly by 0.8%. This is because the decrease in area is offset by a slight increase in yield.

Despite the area reduction of 7.8% for potatoes, the production decrease was limited to -2% in 2021 due to the good yield (+6.5%).

The production of rapeseed decreased by 6.9%. This decrease was entirely due to the yield decrease of 8.6%.

Agricultural figures
Content

Agricultural data for 2021

Agricultural data for 2020

Agricultural data for 2019

Agricultural data for 2018

Survey on certain species of fruit trees 2017

Agricultural data for 2017

Agricultural data for 2016

Agricultural data for 2015

Remarks:

The number of holdings in Belgium that produce for sales has increased by 0.7 %. This is due to more flexibility on the definition of active farmers in 2018, on the one hand, and to a further refinement of Statbel's agricultural register, on the other hand. This results in an increase of the agricultural area and in the number of bovine animals and pigs.

The large increase of the surface area for mixes of leguminous plants in Wallonia is due to the distinction made as of 2018 between mixes of cereals and leguminous plants, on the one hand (classified under other cereals) and mixes of leguminous plants and cereals, on the other hand (classified under mixes of leguminous plants). Until 2017, this division did not exist. The whole surface area was classified under other cereals. This also results in a decrease of the surface area for other cereals in Wallonia.

In 2018, there was a break in the trend for poultry. We can see a large increase. This is because until 2017, holdings did not have to report any poultry when farming was suspended for health reasons. They had to report the number of animals present on 15 October. If the poultry house was empty on that day, they had no animals. From 2018 onwards, holdings with empty poultry houses for health reasons (cleaning or disease outbreak) have to report the number of animals that were present before farming was suspended.

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Remarks:

The number of holdings in Belgium that produce for sales has increased by 0.7 %. This is due to more flexibility on the definition of active farmers in 2018, on the one hand, and to a further refinement of Statbel's agricultural register, on the other hand. This results in an increase of the agricultural area and in the number of bovine animals and pigs.

The large increase of the surface area for mixes of leguminous plants in Wallonia is due to the distinction made as of 2018 between mixes of cereals and leguminous plants, on the one hand (classified under other cereals) and mixes of leguminous plants and cereals, on the other hand (classified under mixes of leguminous plants). Until 2017, this division did not exist. The whole surface area was classified under other cereals. This also results in a decrease of the surface area for other cereals in Wallonia.

In 2018, there was a break in the trend for poultry. We can see a large increase. This is because until 2017, holdings did not have to report any poultry when farming was suspended for health reasons. They had to report the number of animals present on 15 October. If the poultry house was empty on that day, they had no animals. From 2018 onwards, holdings with empty poultry houses for health reasons (cleaning or disease outbreak) have to report the number of animals that were present before farming was suspended.