Farm and horticultural holdings

Final estimate of the agricultural harvest 2019

Agriculture & fishery
Final estimate of the agricultural harvest 2019

In 2019, most arable crops were subject to significant production increases compared to 2018. This is mainly due to the fact that 2018 was a bad year because of the drought. The increase compared to the five-year average was less significant, according to the final estimate of the production of agricultural crops for 2018 of Statbel, the Belgian statistical office.

The production of winter wheat and winter barley in Belgium increased by 15 % and 26 % respectively compared to 2018. These increases are the result of a higher yield combined with an increased surface area. Despite the 10 % decrease of the surface area for grain maize, the production increased by 20 % compared to 2018. However, the production is slightly below the five-year average.

The yield of sugar beets increased by 6 % but still remained below the level of 2017. The 2 % decrease in production was due to the 8 % decrease of the surface area.

Potato production in Belgium has substantially increased in 2019 compared to 2018: +82 % for early potatoes, +29 % for ware potatoes and +17 % for seed potatoes. Yet it remained below the production level of 2017. The increase in production was a combination of an increase in yield and an increase in surface area.

In Belgium, 23 % less rapeseed was produced as a result of a decrease in the surface area (-18 %) and in the yield (-6 %).

Also the fodder beet and green maize, after a decline in 2017, showed a large increase in production compared to 2018 (+28 % and +17 %). However, it remained below the level of 2017. The increase was mainly due to the yield increase in 2018.

Agricultural figures
Content

Agricultural data for 2019

Agricultural data for 2018

Survey on certain species of fruit trees 2017

Agricultural data for 2017

Agricultural data for 2016

Agricultural data for 2015

Remarks:

The number of holdings in Belgium that produce for sales has increased by 0.7 %. This is due to more flexibility on the definition of active farmers in 2018, on the one hand, and to a further refinement of Statbel's agricultural register, on the other hand. This results in an increase of the agricultural area and in the number of bovine animals and pigs.

The large increase of the surface area for mixes of leguminous plants in Wallonia is due to the distinction made as of 2018 between mixes of cereals and leguminous plants, on the one hand (classified under other cereals) and mixes of leguminous plants and cereals, on the other hand (classified under mixes of leguminous plants). Until 2017, this division did not exist. The whole surface area was classified under other cereals. This also results in a decrease of the surface area for other cereals in Wallonia.

In 2018, there was a break in the trend for poultry. We can see a large increase. This is because until 2017, holdings did not have to report any poultry when farming was suspended for health reasons. They had to report the number of animals present on 15 October. If the poultry house was empty on that day, they had no animals. From 2018 onwards, holdings with empty poultry houses for health reasons (cleaning or disease outbreak) have to report the number of animals that were present before farming was suspended.

More figures...

 

Remarks:

The number of holdings in Belgium that produce for sales has increased by 0.7 %. This is due to more flexibility on the definition of active farmers in 2018, on the one hand, and to a further refinement of Statbel's agricultural register, on the other hand. This results in an increase of the agricultural area and in the number of bovine animals and pigs.

The large increase of the surface area for mixes of leguminous plants in Wallonia is due to the distinction made as of 2018 between mixes of cereals and leguminous plants, on the one hand (classified under other cereals) and mixes of leguminous plants and cereals, on the other hand (classified under mixes of leguminous plants). Until 2017, this division did not exist. The whole surface area was classified under other cereals. This also results in a decrease of the surface area for other cereals in Wallonia.

In 2018, there was a break in the trend for poultry. We can see a large increase. This is because until 2017, holdings did not have to report any poultry when farming was suspended for health reasons. They had to report the number of animals present on 15 October. If the poultry house was empty on that day, they had no animals. From 2018 onwards, holdings with empty poultry houses for health reasons (cleaning or disease outbreak) have to report the number of animals that were present before farming was suspended.