Working at home is taking root
The coronavirus crisis made homeworking possible in many sectors. 33.9% of employees usually or sometimes worked from home in 2022, compared to 18.9% in 2019. The impact of the COVID crisis in the long run is clearly visible.
Employees with a high level of education are the most likely to work from home with 54.7%. This figure is 14.7% of medium-skilled employees and 4.7% of low-skilled employees.
The economic sector with the most employees working usually or sometimes from home is information and communication (78.3%), followed by activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies (77.7%) and financial and insurance activities (74.9%).
In 2022, the occupations that allowed people to work from home sometimes or usually are:
- Managers (64.6%)
- Professionals (59.9%)
- Clerical support workers (44.2%).
Labour force survey (LFS)
Purpose and short description
The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is a socio-economic household sample survey. Its main objective is to classify the working age population (15 and older) into three groups (employed, unemployed and inactive persons) and to provide descriptive and explanatory data on every category. This survey is also carried out in the other EU Member States and is coordinated by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In Belgium, the LFS is organised by Statbel. The objective is to obtain comparable information at European level, in particular as regards employment and unemployment rates as defined by the International Labour Office (ILO), but also to collect and disseminate data that are otherwise not available, for example about the mobility of workers, the reasons for working part-time, the various forms of part-time employment, the occupation, the educational level of the working age population, ... .
Members of private households aged 15 or older.
Demographic data from the National Register.
Data collection method and sample size
Data are collected through face-to-face interviews. Since 2017, there have been three (shorter) follow-up surveys to which households respond online or by telephone.
Households with only inactive persons older than 64 can also be interviewed by telephone.
Every year, around 47,000 households receive a letter asking them to take part in this survey.
The response rate is above 75%.
Results availability: around 3 months after the end of the reference period.
Working from home: Doing any productive work at home related to the person's current main job.
Paid employment: All persons aged 15 or older who, during the reference week, performed work during at least one hour for wage or salary in cash or in kind (with or without formal contract), or who were temporarily not at work (due to sickness, maternity leave, holidays, social conflicts, bad weather or for other reasons) and had a formal attachment to their job.
Self-employment: All persons who do not work for an employer and who performed work during at least one hour for profit during the reference week or were temporarily not at work. This category comprises self-employed workers (with no staff), employers (with staff) and unpaid helpers.
Level of education (3 classes): Low-skilled people are people who have at best a lower secondary education diploma. Medium-skilled people have obtained an upper secondary education diploma, but no higher education diploma. High-skilled people have a higher education diploma.
- Modifications to the Labour Force Survey (LFS) in 2021
- LFS: Methodological improvements to the Labour Force Survey 2017 (PDF, 99 Kb)
- LFS: Presentation of the survey until 2016 (NL-FR)
- LFS: Presentation of the survey from 2017 (NL-FR)