Geographical breakdowns

Statbel DataLab: new statistics, methods and data sources in beta version

61 % of Belgians have public transport less than 200 metres away

DataLab
61 % of Belgians have public transport less than 200 metres away

In Belgium, on 01/01/2020, 61 % of the population lives in a 200-metre radius around a public transport stop (bus, tram, metro, train). This percentage amounts to 93 % of the population if we extend this radius to 500 m, and to 99 % if we extend it to 1 km. Although the total population in Brussels lives within 1 km of a public transport stop, it concerns almost the total population of the province of East Flanders (99.7 %). This percentage is the lowest in the province of Namur (96 %) and varies between 97 % and 99 % in the other provinces.

At municipal level, only just over half (53 %) of the inhabitants in Stoumont are less than 1 kilometre away from a public transport stop. In Erezée, which ranks second of this reversed ranking, it is the case for 71 % of the population. Moreover, in 96 municipalities, the entire population is within this 1-km radius of a stop. This is, unsurprisingly, the case for all Brussels municipalities, but also for more rural municipalities such as Herbeumont.

A stop within only 200 m from home is a reality for 95 % of the inhabitants of Koekelberg and for 90 % of the inhabitants of Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, second of this ranking. This hyper proximity is only experienced by 18 % of residents in Vorselaar and Stoumont.

Statbel, the Belgian statistical office, publishes in its DataLab statistics based on new geographical breakdowns, making it possible to identify the population living at a defined distance from a point. This can be a hospital, a train station, the border, a motorway or a motorway entrance, a school or a senior care facility.

Data used:

Stations and stops of public transport:

it concerns 69,672 stations and stops of public transport (bus, tram, metro) in Belgium based on the active stations, i.e. stations with travellers counts (figures travellers on board (counts October 2018) - SNCB), and the stops in Flanders (stops from the Flemish transport company De Lijn, situation on 20/06/2020), Brussels (location of stops (stations) of the STIB) and Wallonia (Walloonia TEC GTFS data set).

Buffers of 200 m, 500 m and 1000 m were created around the points of public transport stations and stops.

Data used

Hospitals

This concerns 130 hospitals with an emergency department in Belgium, based on the institutions with initial emergency care (19-11-2019)) and specialised emergency care services (19-11-2019) of the FPS Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment - DG Health Care - Department Data Management (https://www.health.belgium.be/fr/sante/organisation-des-soins-de-sante/…).

Motorway entrances

For motorway entrances, the file Open Street Map 2019 (motorway et motorway_link) has been used and contains 762 motorway entrances in Belgium.

Train stations

The 554 train stations in Belgium are active stations, i.e. stations with travellers counts (figures travellers on board (counts October 2018) - SNCB).

Schools:

This concerns 6411 school locations in Belgium, based on recognised educational establishments [ordinary basic education (pre-primary and primary education) and ordinary secondary education] in Flanders, Brussels, Wallonia and the German-speaking Community.

Senior care facilities

This concerns 1538 senior care facilities in Belgium, based on rest homes and nursing homes of the Agentschap Zorg en Gezondheid Vlaanderen, Wallonia AVIQ: familles santé handicap, Brussels Iriscare and Ostbelgien Live: Wohn- und Pflegezentren für Senioren.

Stations and stops of public transport:

It concerns 69,672 stations and stops of public transport (bus, tram, metro) in Belgium based on the active stations, i.e. stations with travellers counts (figures travellers on board (counts October 2018) - SNCB), and the stops in Flanders (stops from the Flemish transport company De Lijn, situation on 20/06/2020), Brussels (location of stops (stations) of the STIB) and Wallonia (Walloonia TEC GTFS data set).

Buffers of 200 m, 500 m and 1000 m were created around the points of public transport stations and stops.