Causes of death

In 2018, diseases of the circulatory system decrease as main cause of death

Population
In 2018, diseases of the circulatory system decrease as main cause of death

Statbel, the Belgian statistical office, publishes today the causes of death for 2018.

Despite a decrease of their relative importance, the diseases of the circulatory system (25.9 % of all causes of death) remain the leading cause of death, followed by tumours (25.0 %) and diseases of the respiratory system (11.7 %). This ranking remains the same for the three regions.

For men, tumours rank first (28.2 %) followed by diseases of the circulatory system (24.4 %), while for women, the national ranking is respected.

Deaths
Content

Belgium - Deaths by sex and by region, 2018

  Men Women Total
Brussels-Capital Region 4.122 4.797 8.919
Flemish Region 31.392 32.005 63.397
Walloon Region 18.543 19.786 38.329
Belgium 54.057 56.588 110.645
Causes
Content

Belgium - Deaths by sex and by region, for some groups of causes, 2018

  Men Women Total
Number of cases % Number of cases % Number of cases %
Brussels-Capital Region All causes 4,122 100% 4,797 100% 8,919 100%
Diseases of the circulatory system 983 23.8% 1,211 25.2% 2,194 24.6%
Tumours 1,051 25.5% 1,037 21.6% 2,088 23.4%
Diseases of the respiratory system 502 12.2% 522 10.9% 1,024 11.5%
Flemish Region All causes 31,392 100% 32,005 100% 63,397 100%
Diseases of the circulatory system 7,937 25.3% 9,205 28.8% 17,142 27,0%
Tumours 9,306 29.6% 7,208 22.5% 16,514 26,0%
Diseases of the respiratory system 3,775 12,0% 3,442 10.8% 7,217 11.4%
Walloon Region All causes 18,543 100% 19,786 100% 38,329 100%
Diseases of the circulatory system 4,294 23.2% 5,014 25.3% 9,308 24.3%
Tumours 4,873 26.3% 4,134 20.9% 9,007 23.5%
Diseases of the respiratory system 2,292 12.4% 2,385 12.1% 4,677 12.2%
Belgium All causes 54,057 100% 56,588 100% 110,645 100%
Diseases of the circulatory system 13,214 24.4% 15,430 27.3% 28,644 25.9%
Tumours 15,230 28.2% 12,379 21.9% 27,609 25,0%
Diseases of the respiratory system 6,569 12.2% 6,349 11.2% 12,918 11.7%
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Purpose and brief description

Statistics on causes of death are compiled using the statistical declaration-of-death forms (Model IIIC and Model IIID) which are filled in by a certifying doctor for every death that takes place in Belgium and then completed by the municipal authorities of the place of death. These forms are forwarded to the Communities which check, code and input the information in order to compile their own statistics. The databases are then forwarded to Statbel, which assembles them to compile statistics at the federal level. To this end, Statbel links the forms with the deaths registered in the RNPP. This makes it possible: to check and complete the available information; to exclude from the statistics the deaths taking place in Belgium of people who do not legally reside in the country; and, finally, to include in the statistics the deaths taking place abroad of people who legally reside in Belgium and for whom no civil status form was filled in. The aforementioned coupling and inclusion have only been effective since 2010. This means that deaths abroad of people residing in Belgium were previously not included in the federal statistics.

Since 1998, the coding of causes of deaths is carried out according to the WHO's tenth revision of International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). All the tables of the statistics break down the deaths into various groups of causes, also making a distinction according to five-year age groups and gender.

Population

Inhabitants in Belgium

Periodicity

Annually.

Release calendar

Results available 2 years after the reference period

Definitions

Gender: Gender of the deceased

Cause of death: Original cause of death

Age groups: Age of the deceased, in five-year age groups

Region of residence: Region of residence of the deceased

Nomenclature

WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD)

Metadata