Early school leavers

8.6 % of the 18-24 are early school leavers

Work & training
Early school leaving

One of the EU2020 targets is to reduce the share of early school leavers to less than 9.5 %. This goal has been achieved in Belgium since 2016.

In Belgium, the proportion of people aged between 18 and 24 who don't have an upper secondary education diploma and who are no longer in any kind of education or training amounts to 8.6 % in 2018.

In 2017, it amounted to 8.9 %. Women perform better than men, with a school dropout rate of 6.5 % against 10.6 % for men.

 

 

 

Belgium
Content

Early school leavers - annual averages

Belgium 2000 2005 (a) 2010 2013 2014 (b) 2015 2016 2017 ( c ) 2018
Total 13,8% 12,9% 11,9% 11,0% 9,8% 10,1% 8,8% 8,9% 8,6%
Men 16,5% 15,2% 13,8% 13,2% 11,8% 11,6% 10,2% 10,4% 10,6%
Women 11,0% 10,5% 10,0% 8,7% 7,7% 8,6% 7,4% 7,3% 6,5%
Figures are always annual averages. Definition of "early school leavers": percentage of persons aged 18 to 24 who did not complete upper secondary education and who is not involved in further education or training any more.
People in school holidays are not considered as early school leavers.
(a) Due to a modification of the variables on education and training, the results are not fully comparable to the previous years.
(b) In 2014, the question on the highest level of education completed was modified in the Labour Force Survey, which can have led to a break.
(c) Break in the results following a considerable reform of the Labour Force Survey.
Brussels
Content

Early school leavers - annual averages

Brussels-Capital Region 2000 2005 (a) 2010 2013 2014 (b) 2015 2016 2017 ( c ) 2018
Total 20,7% 19,4% 18,4% 17,7% 14,4% 15,8% 14,8% 12,9% 10,7%
Men 25,2% 20,4% 20,4% 19,4% 17,5% 16,9% 16,3% 13,8% 12,3%
Women 16,1% 18,4% 16,5% 16,1% 11,2% 14,8% 13,5% 11,9% 9,0%
Figures are always annual averages. Definition of "early school leavers": percentage of persons aged 18 to 24 who did not complete upper secondary education and who is not involved in further education or training any more.
People in school holidays are not considered as early school leavers.
(a) Due to a modification of the variables on education and training, the results are not fully comparable to the previous years.
(b) In 2014, the question on the highest level of education completed was modified in the Labour Force Survey, which can have led to a break.
(c) Break in the results following a considerable reform of the Labour Force Survey.
Flanders
Content

Early school leavers - annual averages

Flemish Region 2000 2005 (a) 2010 2013 2014 (b) 2015 2016 2017 ( c ) 2018
Total 11,6% 10,7% 9,6% 7,5% 7,0% 7,2% 6,8% 7,2% 7,3%
Men 13,9% 13,2% 11,4% 9,3% 8,3% 8,6% 8,5% 9,0% 9,5%
Women 9,2% 8,0% 7,7% 5,7% 5,7% 5,8% 5,1% 5,3% 5,1%
Figures are always annual averages. Definition of "early school leavers": percentage of persons aged 18 to 24 who did not complete upper secondary education and who is not involved in further education or training any more.
People in school holidays are not considered as early school leavers.
(a) Due to a modification of the variables on education and training, the results are not fully comparable to the previous years.
(b) In 2014, the question on the highest level of education completed was modified in the Labour Force Survey, which can have led to a break.
(c) Break in the results following a considerable reform of the Labour Force Survey.
Wallonia
Content

Early school leavers - annual averages

Walloon Region 2000 2005 (a) 2010 2013 2014 (b) 2015 2016 2017 ( c ) 2018
Total 15,5% 14,6% 13,7% 14,7% 12,9% 13,1% 10,3% 10,5% 9,9%
Men 18,4% 17,0% 15,9% 17,8% 15,9% 15,0% 11,3% 11,8% 11,9%
Women 12,6% 12,1% 11,5% 11,4% 9,9% 11,1% 9,4% 9,0% 8,0%
Figures are always annual averages. Definition of "early school leavers": percentage of persons aged 18 to 24 who did not complete upper secondary education and who is not involved in further education or training any more.
People in school holidays are not considered as early school leavers.
(a) Due to a modification of the variables on education and training, the results are not fully comparable to the previous years.
(b) In 2014, the question on the highest level of education completed was modified in the Labour Force Survey, which can have led to a break.
(c) Break in the results following a considerable reform of the Labour Force Survey.

Definitions regarding employment and unemployment

The Labour Force Survey is a sample survey among private households, held throughout the year. It is based on the replies of almost 123,000 persons (respondents) of working age (15 and older).

The survey is harmonised at European level. The definitions regarding employment and unemployment that are mentioned are those of the International Labour Office (ILO) to allow international comparison.

  • The employed comprise all persons who during the reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind, or who were temporarily not at work during the reference period and had a formal attachment to their job. This also includes family workers.
  • The unemployed comprise all persons who:

(a) during the reference period were without work, i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employment;

(b) were available for work, i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment within two weeks after the reference period;

(c) were seeking work, i.e. had taken specific steps during the last four weeks including the reference week to seek paid employment or self-employment, or who had found a job to start later, i.e. within a period of at most three months from the end of the reference week.

Please note: The ILO unemployment figures are unrelated to any possible registration with the VDAB, Actiris, FOREM or the ADG, or to the receipt of unemployment benefits from ONEM (National Employment Office). As a result, they cannot be compared with administrative unemployment figures.

  • The labour force is made up of the employed and the unemployed.
  • The economically inactive population comprises all persons who were not considered employed or unemployed.
  • The employment rate represents employed persons as a percentage of the same age population. 
  • The employment rate as part of the Europe 2020 Strategy represents the share of persons employed in the population aged 20 to 64. 
  • The unemployment rate represents the share of unemployed people in the labour force (employed + unemployed) within a given age group.
  • The economic activity rate represents the share of the labour force (employed + unemployed) in the total population within a given age group.

The above indicators (employment rate, unemployment rate and economic activity rate) are the most important indicators for international comparisons of the labour market evolution.

Forms

Methodology

LFS : Methodological improvements of the Labour Force Survey (LFS) 2017 (PDF, 97 Kb)