Gender pay gap

Women earn 6% less than men

Work & training
Women earn 6% less than men

In 2017, a woman earned an hourly wage that was on average 6.0 % lower than a man's hourly wage. And yet, Belgium performs better than most of the other European countries in terms of pay gap between women and men. Within the EU, the gender pay gap is 16.0 %.

Gender pay gap 2014-2017: European comparison
Content
Country 2014 2015 2016 2017
Romania 4,5 5,8 5,2 3,5
Luxembourg 5,4 5,5 5,5 5,0
Italy 6,1 5,5 5,3 5,0
Belgium 6,6 6,5 6,1 6,0
Poland 7,7 7,4 7,2 7,2
Slovenia 7,0 8,1 7,8 8,0
Kroatia 8,7 : 11,1 11,6
Malta 10,6 10,4 11,0 12,2
Sweden 13,8 14,0 13,3 12,6
Bulgaria 14,2 15,4 14,4 13,6
Cyprus 14,2 14,0 13,9 13,7
Hungary 15,1 14,0 14,0 14,2
Denmark 16,0 15,1 15,0 14,7
Spain 14,9 14,2 15,1 15,1
Lithuania 13,3 14,2 14,4 15,2
The Netherlands 16,2 16,1 15,6 15,2
France 15,5 15,3 15,3 15,4
Latvia 17,3 17,0 17,0 15,7
European Union 16,6 16,5 16,3 16,0
Euro zone 16,8 16,6 16,4 16,1
Portugal 14,9 17,8 17,5 16,3
Finland 18,4 17,6 17,4 16,7
Slovakia 19,7 19,6 19,0 19,8
Austria 22,2 21,7 20,1 19,9
United Kingdom 20,9 21,0 20,7 20,8
Germany 22,3 22,0 21,5 21,0
Czech Republic 22,5 22,5 21,5 21,1
Estonia 28,1 26,9 25,3 25,6
Greece 12,5 : : :
Ireland 13,9 : : :
Percentage difference in the average gross hourly earnings of women and men
: Not available
Downloads

The gender pay gap represents the difference between the average gross hourly wages of women and men, expressed as a percentage of the average pay for men. It is expressed as follows:

Gender pay gap = (hourly wage for men - hourly wage for women) / hourly wage for men

The gender pay gap is calculated based on:

  •  the survey on earnings for the reference year 2014;
  •  NSSO data for the years after 2014.

All the EU Member States apply harmonised concepts and methods for the calculation of the gender pay gap. This makes it possible to compare the Belgian situation with the pay gap in the other EU Member States. These pay gap figures cover all employees with an employment contract working in enterprises with at least 10 employees, regardless of the number of hours worked.

In addition to the aggregated pay gap figures, Statbel also contributes to the Belgian Pay Gap Report published by the Institute for the equality of women and men. However, the results included in the report may slightly differ from the aggregated pay gap figures. The statistical population differs, for example, and recalculations are carried out for education, among other. The most recent Pay Gap Reports are available via a separate link.