Women earn 6% less than men
In 2017, a woman earned an hourly wage that was on average 6.0 % lower than a man's hourly wage. And yet, Belgium performs better than most of the other European countries in terms of pay gap between women and men. Within the EU, the gender pay gap is 16.0 %.
|Percentage difference in the average gross hourly earnings of women and men
: Not available
The gender pay gap represents the difference between the average gross hourly wages of women and men, expressed as a percentage of the average pay for men. It is expressed as follows:
Gender pay gap = (hourly wage for men - hourly wage for women) / hourly wage for men
The gender pay gap is calculated based on:
- the survey on earnings for the reference year 2014;
- NSSO data for the years after 2014.
All the EU Member States apply harmonised concepts and methods for the calculation of the gender pay gap. This makes it possible to compare the Belgian situation with the pay gap in the other EU Member States. These pay gap figures cover all employees with an employment contract working in enterprises with at least 10 employees, regardless of the number of hours worked.
In addition to the aggregated pay gap figures, Statbel also contributes to the Belgian Pay Gap Report published by the Institute for the equality of women and men. However, the results included in the report may slightly differ from the aggregated pay gap figures. The statistical population differs, for example, and recalculations are carried out for education, among other. The most recent Pay Gap Reports are available via a separate link.