Type of ownership

Twee derde van de woningen wordt door hun eigenaar bewoond

Census
Twee derde van de woningen wordt door hun eigenaar bewoond

In 2021 werden 3.191.824 conventionele woningen[1] door de eigenaar bewoond op een totaal van 4.946.378 bewoonde conventionele woningen. Dat blijkt uit de Belgische Census 2021.
Het aantal conventionele woningen dat door de eigenaar wordt bewoond, is lichtjes gedaald in België als we de resultaten van de Census 2021 vergelijken met die van 2011. Het gaat om 64,5% in 2021 tegenover 65,6% van het totaal aantal bewoonde conventionele woningen tien jaar ervoor.

Op gewestelijk niveau, was er enkel in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest een lichte stijging (+ 0,1 procentpunt – verder ppt genoemd). In 2021 telt het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 200.379 200.379 eigenaars, of 38,1% (tegen 38,0% in 2011).

In de top 20-lijst van grootste gemeenten is Aalst de gemeente met het hoogste percentage door eigenaars bewoonde woningen (68,2% of 26.508 woningen), gevolgd door Kortrijk (67,7% of 22.820 woningen), Hasselt (66,0% of 24.104 woningen), Brugge en Mechelen (beide 64,8%; Brugge 35.505 woningen en Mechelen 23.699).
De stad Antwerpen telt 120.060 door de eigenaar bewoonde bewoningen of 52,5% van het totale aantal bewoonde conventionele woningen.

Bij de grote gemeenten en steden is er wel meer variatie in het aantal conventionele woningen dat door de eigenaar wordt bewoond tussen 2011 en 2021, en dat zowel in stijgende als dalende zin met enkele uitschieters zoals Sint-Jans-Molenbeek (+ 3,8 ppt), Brussel (+ 3,3 ppt) en Oostende (+ 2,0 ppt) aan de ene kant en Luik (- 3,5 ppt) en Leuven (- 2,9 ppt) aan de andere kant.


[1] Conventionele woningen worden gedefinieerd als structureel gescheiden, onafhankelijke ruimten die bestemd zijn voor permanente menselijke bewoning. Op de dag van de telling kunnen ze ofwel bewoond worden, ofwel leeg staan, ofwel als vakantieverblijf of tweede verblijfplaats dienen.

Owner-occupied dwellings
Content

This indicator shows the share of owner-occupied dwellings in all occupied conventional dwellings.

The Brussels-Capital Region stands out from the other regions with only 38% of owner-occupied dwellings, compared to 64% in Wallonia and 70% in Flanders, figures that remain stable compared to 2011. However, there are significant variations among the municipalities in the Brussels-Capital Region. So, in Saint-Gilles and Ixelles, only one dwelling in four is occupied by its owner compared to one in two in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe and Woluwe-Saint-Pierre. The share of owner-occupied dwellings in all occupied conventional dwellings is relatively homogeneous in the Flemish provinces. It is more nuanced in Wallonia where some areas with high percentages are found in each province. So, for example, this share amounts to 83% in Mont-de-l’Enclus in the province of Hainaut, 81% in La Bruyère in the province of Namur, 84% in Burdinne and Nandrin in the province of Liège, 82% in Ramillies in the province of Walloon Brabant or 82% in Musson in the province of Luxembourg.

The Census 2021 in a nutshell

The Census 2021 is a snapshot of the population living in Belgium on 1 January 2021. It provides a wide range of figures on housing and demographic, socio-economic and educational characteristics of the citizens. The objective of the Census is twofold: to comply with the European regulation[1] and to produce statistics to address national specific needs (public services, international organizations, researchers, enterprises and private individuals).

Previously based on an exhaustive survey of all citizens, since 2011 the Census has been based exclusively on the use of administrative databases.

Definitions

The various statistical units

Population

The population taken into account for the Census 2021 is the residential population, as registered in the National Register of Natural Persons (RNPP) on 1 January 2021. The Belgian population includes Belgians and non-Belgians who have been allowed or authorised to settle or to stay in Belgium but does not include non-Belgians living on the territory for less than three months, asylum seekers and non-Belgians in an illegal situation[2].

Private households

This group includes people living alone in a dwelling and groups of several people living in the same dwelling and providing themselves with essentials for living.

Family nuclei

A family nucleus is defined as two or more persons who belong to the same household and who are related as husband and wife, as partners in a registered partnership, as partners in a consensual union, or as parent and child.

Living quarters

Living quarters refer to all quarters used as the usual residence of one or several persons.

Conventional dwellings

Conventional dwellings are separate units (surrounded by walls and covered by a roof) that are independent (with a direct access from the street or a staircase, passage) and designed to be used as a permanent dwelling.

Occupied conventional dwellings

Occupied conventional dwellings are conventional dwellings used as the usual residence of one or several private households.

Variables and their description

Sex

This variable is used to distinguish men from women.

Age

The age reached in completed years of age on 1 January 2021.

Place of usual residence

The place of residence is that registered in the National Register on 1 January 2021. So this is the place of legal residence.

The Belgian municipalities have changed between 2011 and 2021. In the comparisons shown on this website, the figures for 2011 are broken down according to the municipalities of 2021.

Locality

A locality is defined as a distinct population cluster, that is an area defined by population living in neighbouring or contiguous buildings. This area constitutes a group of buildings, none of which is separated from its nearest neighbour by more than 200 meters.

The Belgian municipalities have changed between 2011 and 2021. In the comparisons shown on this website, the figures for 2011 are broken down according to the municipalities of 2021.

Type of ownership

This variable refers to the ownership of the dwelling and not to that of the land on which the dwelling stands.

Remark

The comparison with the previous Census requires some caution: this publication is based on the Belgian population and the Census 2011 has as reference the European definition of the population.

Information on the difference between the Belgian population and the Census 2011 population.


[1] COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2017/543 of 22 March 2017 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on population and housing censuses as regards the technical specifications of the topics and of their breakdowns.

[2]Information on the difference between the Belgian population and the Census 2011 population.