The European economy since the start of the millennium


Since the start of the millennium, the European economy has evolved and statistics can help to better perceive these structural changes.

This digital publication The European economy since the start of the millennium — a statistical portrait aims to show how main features of the economy of the European Union and its Member States have evolved since 2000 through a large range of statistical data giving both a micro- and a macro-economic perspective.

This publication does not describe the short-term trends of the European economy, but its purpose is to answer questions such as: How has our consumption behaviour changed? How has household income evolved? Are working patterns still the same? What is the share of services in the economy? What is the proportion of large enterprises? Has government employment increased or decreased?

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vrouwendag_en.pngIncrease of the proportion of working women with children

In the context of International Women's Day, Statbel, the Belgian statistical office, takes a closer look at the employment rate of women with and without children.

In Belgium, on average 75.3 % of women aged 25 to 49 are in work. For men in the same age group, this proportion amounts to 84 %. The number of children (up to 16 years old) in the household makes a big difference.

When it comes to employment, the proportion of women without children is practically the same as that of men: 77.5 % of women and 78.1 % of men without children have a job.

If the woman has one child, the employment rate decreases to 76.5 %, while it rises sharply to 88.7 % for men with one child.

However, a woman with two children is more often in work than the average of women: 79.1 %. The employment rate is also the highest for men with two children: 93 %.

For women with three children or more, the employment rate decreases sharply: 56.8 % of them are in work. For men with three children or more, this rate amounts to 84 %.


The life of women and men in Europe - 2018 edition

At home, at work, at school…

… there are large differences between the lives of women and men in Europe, but there are also similarities. This digital publication The life of women and men in Europe – a statistical portrait aims at comparing women and men in their daily lives. It also shows how similar or different the everyday life of women and men is in European countries.

womenandmen.pngThe publication includes three chapters:

  • Living, growing, ageing... : This chapter focuses on demography and health, including for example data on life expectancy, single mothers and fathers and how we perceive our health. This chapter also shows that, despite our differences, both women and men in Europe are similarly satisfied with their lives.
  • Learning, working, earning... : This chapter includes data on education levels, reconciliation of work and family life, full-time and part-time work, the gender pay gap, female and male managers, etc. It highlights not only structural differences but also inequalities between women and men.
  • Eating, shopping, surfing, socialising... : This part focuses on nutrition and social habits, leisure activities and online practices, including for example data on smoking and alcohol consumption, body mass index, cinema attendance, use of social networks and online shopping. A final part is dedicated to childcare, housework and cooking.

This digital publication containing short texts, interactive visualisation tools, infographics, photos, etc. has been developed by Eurostat in collaboration with the National Statistical Institutes of the EU Member States and the EFTA countries and is available in most of their official languages.