Peer reviews are part of the European Statistical System (EES) strategy to implement the Code of Practice (CoP).
Their objective is to enhance the integrity, independence and accountability of the statistical authorities which make up the ESS.
A first round of peer reviews was carried out in 2006-2008 and a second round 2013-2015. The third round of peer reviews takes place in 2021-2023. The three rounds of peer reviews cover all the Member States of the EU and EFTA as well as Eurostat.