Unemployment in a broader perspective
In 2010, 406,000 people were unemployed according to the definitions of the International Labour Office (ILO). These are people who do not have a job, are actively seeking work and are available to start working. To gain more insight into the different groups of people that are affected by unemployment, the European statistical institution Eurostat and the EU member states have developed three new indicators to supplement unemployment figures.
Next to the 406,000 ILO unemployed people, the following groups of people can be distinguished that share many characteristics with the unemployed:
- 37,000 underemployed part-time workers who wish to work more hours;
- 92,000 people without a job, seeking work but not available to start working;
- 36,000 people without a job, available to start working but not seeking work.
These figures are shown in the findings of the Labour Force Survey conducted by Statistics Belgium and by the 26 other EU member states. The survey assesses the key evolutions in terms of employment and unemployment according to international definitions, which are then used as a basis for a number of headline labour market indicators (e.g. employment and unemployment rate and economic activity rate). For the first time and together with Eurostat, Statistics Belgium has now published these three new indicators to supplement unemployment figures.